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Great Trek battlefields
Battle of Vegkop
Battle of Blood River
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Boer Wars
First Boer War
Anglo Boer War

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Zulu Wars

Anglo Zulu War
Battle of Isandlwana
Battle of Rourke's Drift
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Boer Wars
First Boer War

The First Anglo-Boer War (1880–1881), was a rebellion of Boers (farmers) against British rule in the Transvaal that re-established their independence. The conflict occurred against the backdrop of the Pretoria government becoming increasingly ineffective at dealing with growing claims on South African land from rival interests within the country.




Anglo Boer War

Cecil John Rhodes (1835-1902). Melrose House in Pretoria where the Peace Treaty of Vereeniging was signed on 31 May 1902.
Paul Kruger (1825-1904). President of the South African Republic (Zuid Afrikaansche Republiek or ZAR).

The Second War (1899–1902) was a lengthy war which ended with the conversion of the Boer republics into British colonies. These colonies later formed part of the Union of South Africa. The British fought directly against the Transvaal and the Oranje Vrijstaat, defeating their forces first in open warfare and then in a long and bitter guerrilla campaign. British losses were high due to both disease and combat. The policies of "scorched earth" and civilian internment in concentration camps (adopted by the British to prevent support for the farmers/Boer commando campaign) ravaged the civilian populations in the Transvaal and the Oranje Vrijstaat.

Other great battles include the Sieges of Ladysmith and Kimberley. The Boy Scout movement was founded on the  basis of Lord Baden-Powell's organising of a scout movement at Mafeking.